«CANCEL CULTURE» AND CYBER-AGGRESSION: ISSUES OF LEGAL ASSESSMENT

Oksana Yaremko

Анотація


The article focuses on current safe and tolerant communication issues in the global information network «Internet». It is noted that society and Internet users are ambivalent about the phenomenon of «cancel culture». The content of this phenomenon and its terminological features are investigated. It is proposed to interpret «cancel culture» as a way to bring people or groups (famous or empowered) to justice for legal, social, ethical violations by refusing to support and (or) by public condemnation, mainly on social networks (unfollowing accounts, boycott of its projects). The essence of «cancel culture» is revealed through the prism of legal values (tolerance, justice, freedom of speech, humanity, etc.). Problematic aspects of distinguishing «culture» from forms of cyber aggression (trolling, hatred, cyberbullying, harassment, catcalling, shaming, blaming, flaming, hosting, outing, queerbaiting) are analyzed. It is noted that, unlike these forms of destructive communication on the Internet, «cell culture» is essentially a form of communication aimed at combating aggression, the struggle for justice, and, consequently, is a positive socio-cultural phenomenon. Attention is drawn to the problematic aspects of legal liability for destructive communication on social networks, including abuse during «cancelling».


Ключові слова


cancel culture, cancelling, cyber activities, cyberbullying, legal responsibility

Повний текст:

PDF>PDF

Посилання


Emily A. Vogels, Monica Anderson, Margaret Porteus, Chris Baronavski, Sara Atske, Colleen McClain, Brooke Auxier, Andrew Perrin, Meera Ramshankar. Americans and ‘Cancel Culture’: Where Some See Calls for Accountability, Others See Censorship, Punishment. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2021/05/19/americans-and-cancel-culture-where-some-see-calls-for-accountability-others-see-censorship-punishment/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

David Blixt. «Cancel Culture» and Responsibility. Retrieved from https://davidblixtauthor.medium.com/cancel-culture-and-responsibility-b5b8065c3cbd (accessed 26 June 2021).

Tina Casey. IBM Gets It Right on Cancel Culture and Corporate Responsibility. Retrieved from https://www.triplepundit.com/story/2021/ibm-cancel-culture/717576 (accessed 26 June 2021).

Meredith Clark. The powerful blame «cancel culture» to deflect responsibility. Retrieved from https://democracyinitiative.virginia.edu/news/story/powerful-blame-cancel-culture-deflect-responsibility (accessed 26 June 2021).

Steven Mintz. Cancel Culture: A Variety of Perspectives. Retrieved from https://www.ethicssage.com/2021/05/cancel-culture-a-variety-of-perspectives.html (accessed 26 June 2021).

Сancel culture. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancel_culture (accessed 26 June 2021).

Mori Evgenei. Shcho take «cancel culture» ta iak liudy znovu opynylysia po rezne boky barykad [What is cancel culture and how people found themselves on different sides of the barricades again]. Retrieved from https://suspilne.media/48015-so-take-cancel-culture-ta-ak-ludi-znovu-opinilisa-po-rizni-boki-barikad/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Merriam Webster. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cancel?src=search-dict-box (accessed 26 June 2021).

Dictionary.com. Retrieved from https://www.dictionary.com/browse/cancel (accessed 26 June 2021).

Сancel culture. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancel_culture (accessed 26 June 2021).

Mazhor Andrei. Vse drug druga nenavediat: chto takoie «cancel culture» і chego ot neie bol’she – vreda ili pol’zy [Everyone hates each other: what is cancel culture and what is more from it - harm or benefit]. Retrieved from https://donttakefake.com/vse-drug-druga-otmenyayut-chto-takoe-cancel-culture-i-chego-ot-nee-bolshe-vreda-ili-polzy/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura otmeny: kak internet sledit za vashei reputatsiei [Cancellation culture: how the internet monitors your reputation]. Retrieved from https://daily.afisha.ru/brain/17861-kultura-otmeny-kak-internet-sledit-za-vashey-reputaciey/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura otmeny: kak internet sledit za vashei reputatsiei [Cancellation culture: how the internet monitors your reputation]. Retrieved from https://daily.afisha.ru/brain/17861-kultura-otmeny-kak-internet-sledit-za-vashey-reputaciey/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura otmeny: kak internet sledit za vashei reputatsiei [Cancellation culture: how the internet monitors your reputation]. Retrieved from https://daily.afisha.ru/brain/17861-kultura-otmeny-kak-internet-sledit-za-v ashey-reputaciey/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication»]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication»]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Mazhor Andrei. Vse drug druga nenavediat: chto takoie «cancel culture» і chego ot neie bol’she – vreda ili pol’zy [Everyone hates each other: what is cancel culture and what is more from it - harm or benefit]. Retrieved from https://donttakefake.com/vse-drug-druga-otmenyayut-chto-takoe-cancel-culture-i-chego-ot-nee-bolshe-vreda-ili-polzy/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication». Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication». Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication». Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication». Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Seminar «Ot bulling do cancel culture: «berezhnoi kul’tury obshchenie» [Seminar «From bullying to cancel culture: the contradictions of the «careful culture of communication». Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-VxlOlW5aA (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura spilkuvannia v internet vpala do nainyzhchogo rivnia za chotyry roky – Microsoft [The culture of communication on the Internet has fallen to its lowest level in four years - Microsoft]. Retrieved from https://imi.org.ua/news/kultura-spilkuvannya-v-interneti-vpala-do-najnyzhchogo-rivnya-za-chotyry-roky-microsoft-i31691 (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura otmeny: kak internet sledit za vashei reputatsiei [Cancellation culture: how the internet monitors your reputation]. Retrieved from https://daily.afisha.ru/brain/17861-kultura-otmeny-kak-internet-sledit-za-vashey-reputaciey/ (accessed 26 June 2021).

Kul’tura spilkuvannia v internet vpala do nainyzhchogo rivnia za chotyry roky – Microsoft [The culture of communication on the Internet has fallen to its lowest level in four years – Microsoft]. Retrieved from https://imi.org.ua/news/kultura-spilkuvannya-v-interneti-vpala-do-najnyzhchogo-rivnya-za-chotyry-roky-microsoft-i31691 (accessed 26 June 2021).

Criminal Code of Ukraine. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14?lang=en#Text (accessed 26 June 2021).

Tramp bez «Tvittera»: tsenzura ili zashchita demokratii [Trump without Twitter: Censorship or the Defense of Democracy?]. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/russian/features-55625897 (accessed 26 June 2021).