On the question of the procedure for establishing, changing and terminating the regime of separate residence of the spouses in family law

Oksana Oksaniuk

Анотація


In a scientific article on the basis of doctrinal sources and current family law, the author investigated the procedure for establishing and terminating the regime of separate residence of spouses under family law of Ukraine. The establishment of the regime of separate residence of the spouses is accompanied by a statement of the spouses on the establishment of the regime of separate residence of the spouses or a lawsuit of one of them (ie the presence of the initiative of the spouses or one of them to establish separation). In case of submission of a joint application of the spouses to establish the regime of separate residence of the spouses, the case is considered by the court in a separate proceeding in compliance with the general procedure for consideration of separate proceedings, which is provided by Art. 294 of the Civil Procedure Code of Ukraine. If the initiator of the regime of separate residence of the spouses is only one of the spouses, there is a dispute between them about the presence / absence of legal grounds for establishing such a legal regime, so the case is considered according to the rules of litigation, and the application is filed. Despite the opinion expressed in the legal doctrine about the possibility of a separation agreement to act as a legal fact of the emergence or termination of the regime of separate residence of the spouses, we believe that current family law determines only the judicial procedure for establishing this legal regime and the separation agreement cannot establish the relevant legal regime. to define in detail the rights and responsibilities of the spouses during the marriage separation. As neither the norms of the Family Code of Ukraine nor the norms of procedural legislation determine the procedure for resolving cases of establishing a separate residence regime, many issues that will be faced by a spouse who are separated remain unresolved after the decision on separation. The regime of separate residence may be terminated by the court upon the application of the spouses either from the date of filing the application or from the date they shall indicate in their applications. At the same time, directly in the family law the corresponding terms are not defined that creates difficulties for law enforcement. In this regard, we can agree with the opinion expressed in the scientific literature on the introduction of information on the establishment and termination of separate residence in the State Register of Civil Status with the appropriate marks in the marriage certificate, which will simplify the exact time of the regime. separate residence of the spouses.


Ключові слова


separate residence regime, spouses, marriage, application for establishing a separate residence regime for spouses, separation agreement

Повний текст:

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Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/app2021.01.094