KEY AREAS FOR IMPROVING THE PROFESSIONAL SELECTION OF JUDGES IN UKRAINE

Автор(и)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35774/

Ключові слова:

judiciary, court, justice, authority of the judiciary, judge, selection of candidates for the position of judge, ethical standards of judicial conduct, appointment of judges, judicial reform, lustration, competence, integrity, efficiency of the justice system, competition for the position of judge, professional training of judges

Анотація

The article analyses and suggests the main directions of improvement of professional selection of judges in Ukraine.

It is proved that the main directions of improvement of the procedure of appointment and selection of judges in Ukraine can be applied comprehensively or refer to individual elements of its mechanism. As a result of the scientific analysis of the international experience in improving the procedure of appointing judges and the general approach to the reform of the judicial system in Ukraine, the following recommendations are made: to establish the independence of the judiciary from any political influence; to ensure transparency and maximum publicity of the judicial selection process; to establish a clear, specific, professional standard for judges, which should specify and define the necessary skills, knowledge and moral qualities, experience, which are mandatory for candidates for the position of judge; taking into account best international practices, provide professional training for candidates for the judiciary, including internships and training programmes; ensure compliance with the principle of non-discrimination among judges, as well as in the High Judicial Council and the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine; take clear and concrete anti-corruption measures leading to the introduction of mechanisms for vetting candidates for the absence of corrupt links; provide legal guarantees for the establishment of objective and independent judicial bodies; monitoring and evaluation of the quality of judges' work on an ongoing basis to ensure that the judicial system functions at a high level; involvement of international organisations and experts in the process of selecting judges, which will help to introduce international standards and best practices into the judicial system of Ukraine.

Завантажити

Дані для завантаження поки недоступні.

Біографія автора

  • Nataliіa Chudyk, West Ukrainian National University

    Doctor in Law,

    Head of the Theory of Law and Constitutionalism Department

Посилання

Decision as to admissibility of Application № 28972/95 by Erik NINN-HANSEN against Denmark, 18 may 1999. Retrieved from https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/fre#{%22itemid%22:[%22002-6386%22]} [in English]

Zakon Ukrainy «Pro sudoustrii i status suddiv» [The Law of Ukraine «On the Judiciary and the Status of Judges»]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1402-19 [in Ukrainian]

Honcharuk, Yu. (2019). Reformuvannia sudovoi vlady v Ukraini v svitli yevrointehratsii ta mizhnarodnoho dosvid [Reforming the Judiciary in Ukraine in the Light of European Integration and International Experience]. Retrieved from https://cv.court.gov.ua/tu26/pres-centr/publications/788352/ [in Ukrainian]

Zakon Ukrainy «Pro vnesennia zmin do Konstytutsii Ukrainy (shchodo pravosuddia)» [On Amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine (regarding justice)]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1401-19#Text [in Ukrainian]

Yevropeiska komisiia za demokratiiu cherez pravo (Venetsianska komisiia) Vysnovok № 722/2013 do proektu Zakonu pro vnesennia zmin do Konstytutsii, shcho posyliuiut nezalezhnist suddiv (vkliuchaiuchy poiasniuvalnu zapysku ta porivnialnu tablytsiu), ta na zminy do Konstytutsii, zaproponovani Verkhovnoiu Radoiu Ukrainy, ta pro vnesennia zmin do Konstytutsii, zaproponovani Konstytutsiinoiu Asambleieiu Ukrainy, pryiniatyi Venetsianskoiu Komisiieiu na yii 95 plenarnii sesii (Venetsiia, 14 - 15 chervnia 2013 roku). Retrieved from https://ips.ligazakon.net/document/view/mu13167?ed=2013_06_15 [in Ukrainian]

Shemshuchenko, Yu. S. (2016). Sudova reforma v Ukraini u svitli yevropeiskoho dosvidu: konstytutsiinyi aspekt [Judicial Reform in Ukraine in the Light of European Experience: Constitutional Aspect]. Chasopys tsyvilnoho i kryminalnoho sudochynstva - Journal of civil and criminal justice, 6, 47-59. Retrieved from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Chcks_2016_6_5 [in Ukrainian]

Vysnovok № 18 (2015) Konsultatyvnoi rady yevropeiskykh suddiv shchodo pozytsii sudovoi vlady ta yii vidnosyny z inshymy hilkamy vlady v umovakh suchasnoi demokratii. Retrieved from https://court.gov.ua/userfiles/vusn_18_kr.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Appointment of Judges to High Courts in Democratic Countries: A Comparative Study. Retrieved from https://en.idi.org.il/articles/48993 [in English]

Paul, Bovend’Eert (2018). Recruitment and appointment of judges and justices in Europe and the US. Law and legal culture, 5. Retrieved from https://repository.ubn.ru.nl/bitstream/handle/2066/192037/192037.pdf?sequence=1 [in English]

Завантаження

Опубліковано

16.03.2024

Номер

Розділ

КОНСТИТУЦІЙНЕ ПРАВО. АДМІНІСТРАТИВНЕ ПРАВО І ПРОЦЕС. ФІНАНСОВЕ ПРАВО. ІНФОРМАЦІЙНЕ ПРАВО. МІЖНАРОДНЕ ПРАВО

Схожі статті

1-10 з 102

Ви також можете розпочати розширений пошук схожих статей для цієї статті.